European Waves

Beyond Europe

Spain and the last colonial territory: the Western Sahara conflict

46 years after the constitution of the Sahrawi Arab Republic, the Western Sahara conflict remains unresolved. The latest communications that have come to light between the Kingdom of Morocco and the Spanish government, show a historic shift in the latter’s position on this frozen conflict. This article aims to dust off and introduce a political …

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Where has the Sovereign gone? Human Security and the Entrenchment of State Power

Despite the promises of the 1994 UNDP Report, the shift in international security towards a full-on embrace of human security has proven elusive. Instead, the sovereign state has entrenched itself by subordinating individual human security to political interests.        On its release, the 1994 UNDP Report was seen by many as a beacon …

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Planes, a few trains, and a whole lot of automobiles: the US infrastructure bill explained

By Ariadna Guevara and Catherine Wood. The US has decided to invest in itself. Will the 1.2 trillion dollar INVEST in America Act be enough? Americans are wondering: will it pay off?        On November 15, 2021, United States President Joseph R. Biden, Jr. signed the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, also known …

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Pandora Papers: Your one and only source into the scandalous lives of the world elite

In October, the Pandora Papers revealed the lengths politicians, business leaders, and celebrities have gone to in their quest to conceal their wealth. Here, we discuss the Papers’ revelations in four countries. In October 2021, the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) released approximately 12 million documents leaked from 14 law firms and offshore trust …

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Mexico as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council

“We do not want military cooperation, we do not want them to support us with armed helicopters…We want cooperation for development because peace is the fruit of justice”[1]   These words were spoken by Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador last June after Mexico was elected as a non-permanent member of the UN security council …

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