European Waves

Ruben Sansom

Having concentrated on European history and political philosophy during my bachelor’s degree at Maastricht University, I decided to take the European element to the next level and study throughout the continent. As a massive railway enthusiast, you won’t catch me taking a plane to any of my university destinations though! I write articles for European Waves, as well as working on the website.

Pandora Papers: Your one and only source into the scandalous lives of the world elite

In October, the Pandora Papers revealed the lengths politicians, business leaders, and celebrities have gone to in their quest to conceal their wealth. Here, we discuss the Papers’ revelations in four countries. In October 2021, the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) released approximately 12 million documents leaked from 14 law firms and offshore trust …

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Europe needs a Decade of Rail, not a single year

In March 2020, the European Commission announced that 2021 was to become the European Year of Rail. This initiative was supposed to help make rail a more popular alternative to less sustainable modes of transport and step up the pace of railway modernisation. It appeared to be a timely initiative, given the scale of transport …

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Summer School Review

Rather than being idle all summer long, many of us participated in summer schools: from a course on citizenship to insights into global challenges, from a methods summer school to one on European integration. Unfortunately mostly online (with one exception!), they were engaging and insightful, and something we also wanted to share with other interested …

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Soul Searching in the European Railways, between low-cost competition and reliable public service

Travelling by train is fun, sustainable and socially enriching. This is no longer only the opinion of a small number of railway enthusiasts, but that of the European Commission and governments across Europe. The Commission wants to create a ‘European railway network’ by establishing more high-speed rail connections across borders, increasing technical and legislative interoperability, …

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